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   Vol. 17 No. 73
Monday October 29, 2018

Truck Congestion

Brandon Fried“Truck congestion at New York JFK airport cargo facilities has reached unprecedented levels, and as a result wait times for tendering or retrieving freight cargo can be upwards of eight hours,” declares Brandon Fried, Executive Director Airforwarders Association (AfA).
     “Many factors are contributing to the overwhelming congestion, but now it's time to find solutions,” Mr. Fried said.

Moving What Matters

     “The evolution of air cargo continues to progress and today the e-commerce megatrend is accelerating the pace of that change.
     “Volumes at our nation’s gateway airports are exceeding as much as 40% beyond expectations, taxing infrastructure and creating significant delays, especially at JFK,” he added.
     “There is no "silver bullet" solution but incremental change on many fronts over time is needed to gain lasting improvements.

Time To Push Back

     “AfA believes that JFK can best adapt to increasing volumes if all of the stakeholders come to the table, so we will host a November 13 townhall meeting, including forwarders, airlines, ground handlers, truckers, the New York Port Authority, CBP, TSA, shipper groups and other stakeholders.”

A Drinking Life

     “Our event will include hors-d'oeuvres and drinks,” Brandon declared, “followed by an open and honest discussion, facilitated by me, to share how other airports are working to solve the congestion challenge, and ways JFK stakeholders can work together to create change.”

Lucky Number Seven?

     “This will be the seventh in a series of town hall meetings hosted by AfA in the past two years.
     "Previous events in places including Boston, Chicago, Dallas, and Seattle have provided a forum for those air cargo communities to collaborate and discuss proven solutions to these challenges,” Brandon concluded.

Chris Connell Commodity Chris

     “We are excited to share our experience with JFK airport, one of the most crucial gateways in the country," said Chris Connell, (left)President of Commodity Forwarders and AfA Chairman.
More Info:

U.S. UPU Withdraw

The rapidly growing trade in e-commerce shipments into the U.S. could be severely disrupted by the Trump administration’s order earlier this month instructing the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) to withdraw from a treaty setting shipping rates with nearly 200 countries. In a two-part feature, SkyKing examines why the step was taken, what it means for shipping costs and who will be the winners and losers.

     The decision of the White House to pull USPS out of the Universal Postal Union (UPU) treaty, which was first drafted in 1874 and sets fees that national postal services charge to deliver mail and small parcels to countries globally was not a huge surprise.
     The White House said it had been unable to reform the treaty and would instead seek to “negotiate bilateral and multilateral agreements that resolve the problems”. Some analysts viewed the decision as an extension of the country’s ever-growing front in the trade war with China, but most agreed that reform had been required not least because the USPS loses money on providing the service - posting a loss of more than US$135 million handling foreign mail in 2016.

The Set Up

     Under the treaty’s existing structure, which was, for the most part, put in place in 1969, poor and developing countries have been assessed at lower rates than wealthier countries in Europe and North America. According to a research paper by James I. Campbell, Jr. cited by Nomura, in 2014, those in Group 1.1 classification (Australia, North America, Western Europe, UK, Japan) undercharged last-mile delivery of inbound letters and small packages to the tune of $2.1bn in 2014.
     Out of this amount, the uncharged amount by the United States amounted to $255.2m during that year.

Call For Restructure

     The rapid wealth advances made by many Asian countries had prompted growing calls for the current system to be restructured long before the Trump administration made its withdrawal announcement.

The China Edge

     For example China is still adjudged to be ‘developing’, making it cheaper to ship products by air from China to New York than from the Midwest to New York.
     While this trend has encouraged the rapid growth of international e-commerce and boosted Transpacific air freight demand, many American companies have claimed them it has rendered them uncompetitive in their own domestic market.

Toward Better Rates

     According to Nomura, the Trump administration’s withdrawal of USPS from UPU is an attempt to negotiate better rates under the terminal dues structure, which was introduced back in 1969 by UPU.
     “The current terminal dues structure is believed to have put USPS at a disadvantage given the last-mile cost mismatch incurred by USPS and what it actually collects from the postal sender for last-mile shipment,” it said.
     “For example, postage costs of mail from China to a certain address in San Francisco can be much cheaper than interstate mail within the U.S.”
     The analyst said the UPU was a mispriced trade policy to begin with. “In a nutshell, under the UPU structure, higher-tiered developed countries (as per ranked by UPU) such as the U.S., Australia, Western Europe, UK and Japan are essentially subsidizing partial costs of the last-mile delivery costs for mail items sent by lower-tiered countries,” it said.

Chinese Shipments Hurt USA

     “Trump is making a case on how the wave of Chinese shipments from e-commerce market places are hurting the USPS, logistics players and local online retailers that are left with no choice but to charge higher shipping fees to their customers locally.”
     Jim Campbell, a lawyer and consultant on postal issues, said recently that the main problem with the UPU was that its pricing system did not reflect the massive rise in international e-commerce.
     “The low terminal dues rates have always been unfair and distortive, but the rise of e-commerce has … hurt merchants and created serious political problems in industrialized countries,” he said.
     China is “now the largest source of e-commerce postal packages sent to the U.S.
     “China Post gets a larger discount on deliveries of inbound packages than Singapore or industrialized countries, so it is easy to use China as an example to stand for the whole problem.”

Watch On A Year

     Although there is no set date yet for U.S. withdrawal from the UPU, it is expected to take about a year. Washington has said that on its departure it will introduce its own rates for the handling of international shipments by “no later than January 1, 2020”.
     Nomura expects bilateral negotiations could be the way to go for USPS.
     “It is understood that the withdrawal process from the UPU may take a year and, during the process, the U.S. will negotiate for a fairer terminal dues structure with UPU,” it said. “In the interim, postal services provided by the USPS for U.S.-bound mails from other countries will be negotiated on a bilateral basis rather than through UPU’s terminal dues structure.”
     But who will ‘win’ and who will ‘lose’ from the Trump administration’s withdrawal will appear here in Part 2 that will be published this week Wednesday October 31.

Airlines Delivered Mail
     Throughout the history of the airline business the mails have been a steady force that has driven revenue.
     In the beginning as example USA airlines didn’t really carry passengers but relied on the mails for the government subsidies that first established, and then kept them in business.
      Europe, British Imperial Airways, Air France, KLM, Lufthansa, and in the USA, Pan Am, United, American, and every other legacy carrier you can think of existed in some or major part of their formative years via the air mail subsidy.
     For example, the mails and some small cargo plus a couple passengers allowed Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij (KLM) founded nearly 100 years ago on October 7, 1919, to open its first intercontinental route on October 1, 1924.
     KLM flew from Amsterdam to Batavia (Jakarta, Indonesia) initially carrying out operations with tiny Fokker VII aircraft.
     Later in 1929 when KLM operated a Fokker XV111 (tri-motor), AMS-CGK was the world’s longest scheduled intercontinental route until outbreak of WWII.
     Mail subsidies lasted in the USA until 1978, and were finally phased out in Europe during the 1980s, but along the way no doubt mail put its stamp on airline history forever.

chuckles for October 29, 2018

Cavit Ugur, Emre Eldener, Thomas Sim

     UTIKAD the 450 member non- governmental International Transport and Logistics Service Producers Association, and leading freight forwarding group based in Turkey, joined the FIATA World Congress meetings in New Delhi in September.
     The delegation under the chairmanship of UTIKAD Chairman Emre Eldener (2nd from left), pictured with from left, Cavit Ugur, General Manager, UTIKAD; Thomas Sim, Chairman of Advisory Body Vocational Training, FIATA.
     “The excellent and very high quality educational program for freight forwarders being implemented in Turkey by UTIKAD via the FIATA Vocational Training Advisory Committee has been approved for the next 4 years.”
     “FIATA World Congress,” Chairman Eldener said “offered the opportunity for our delegation to conduct bilateral business meetings with representatives of different countries.
     “As example UTIKAD in its mission to represent the Turkish logistics sector on international platforms, discussed in private talks , ways to develop cooperations between India and Turkey within the scope of our current 100 –Action Plan of the Presidential Cabinet.

New Horizons

     “UTIKAD delegation met with the national freight forwarders associations of India, China and Mexico to discuss Turkish Trade and Investment Action Plans,” Chairman Eldener said.
     “FIATA World Congress provided excellent new channels for dialogue that eventually will increase inter-country business relations.”

Future Logistics Summit

Logistics Summit

     Earlier UTIKAD hosted “The Future Logistics Summit” that took place on September 19, 2018 at Elite World Europe Hotel.
     During the Logistics Summit, attended by the officials of Turkish Cargo, and 14 panelist guests, the participants exchanged their ideas for the future of logistics based on the concepts such as industry 4.0, sustainability, climate change, blockchain and innovation.

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