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   Vol. 18 No. 6
Friday January 18 2019

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Government Shutdown Devastating

Closure Air Cargo ViewpointMore reaction as that U.S. Government shutdown enters its fourth week . . .
   “Devastating,” an industry source who spoke on the condition of anonymity told FlyingTypers.
   “Because of reduced staff at FDA as example, Pharma in many cases cannot be cleared in a timely matter.
   “Although facilities have to guarantee viability and safety of the pharma shipments, storage costs are sky-rocketing.
   “As far as USDA Inspectors also, the same reduced staff situation brings food safety into question.
   “If the slowdown continues for much longer, during the next few weeks we will see fruits and vegetables impacted.
   “In other words, if this shutdown situation continues, the kind of freshness that is enjoyed by Americans, because of airspeed and streamlined clearance, will no longer exist."
   Elsewhere, FlyingTypers was told that, “the human side of the shutdown ordeal has been met in part by local communities and even some airport authorities that have moved to provide food and other assistance to TSA workers that are reporting to the job to keep passengers moving safely throughout this ordeal.
   “The consequence of this 28-day (to date) government shutdown brings both an economic and human cost,” the source said.
   “TSA workers and others in transportation, in many cases, are living paycheck to paycheck.
   “Take paychecks away for this long from these people, and you can only imagine the upheaval and frustration and fear right now, of not being able to make ends meet.”

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Rafael Figueroa, Tania Boyes and Gary Morgan

Tania Boyes, Director-Cargo Operations at Virgin Atlantic, puts it on the line:
     “Moving into dnata City East later this year will be a game changer for us and our joint venture with Delta Cargo.
     “It will not only double our capacity at Heathrow and provide space to grow, it reinforces our commitment to be easier to do business with, to use new technologies and automation to simplify and improve our customer experience, and to leverage our partnerships.
     “At a time when Virgin Atlantic is achieving record volumes, this gives us a platform for long-term growth.
     “We also wish to acknowledge dnata’s foresight in working with us to make this possible.”
     Virgin and Delta Cargo, for the record, will move into London Heathrow’s most state-of-the-art cargo facility.
     The move supports the airlines’ growing cargo businesses, enhances their trans-Atlantic partnership for customers, and firmly secures the joint venture’s position in the U.K. market by doubling the size of their cargo footprint at the airport.
     Rafael Figueroa, Delta Cargo’s Managing Director-Operations and Customer Experience said:
     “This state-of-the art facility will put the customer at the forefront with improved facilities and innovative technology solutions, as well as positioning Delta Cargo and Virgin Atlantic Cargo for future growth in this key market.”

The Joint Is Jumping

     Actually Virgin and Delta’s cargo operations have been aligned under one-roof in the U.K. since June 2016. Additionally both carriers share cargo facilities at major U.S. gateways, notably Atlanta, Boston, Miami, New York, Orlando, and Washington Dulles with the objective to create an enhanced customer proposition on both sides of the Atlantic.

dnata City EastAll The Bells & Whistles

     The move to the purpose built facility, scheduled for the second half of 2019, will ultimately increase the size of Virgin and Delta’s cargo operation at Heathrow to 335,000 sq ft and see customers benefit from greater automation and faster truck and cargo handling times.
     Inside the cargo facility, investments in technology will enable staff using handheld devices to efficiently manage the flow of cargo, while the double-train ETV system will increase storage to 245 positions for pallets and containers.
     Customer trucks arriving at the Virgin Delta Cargo will benefit from a new door management system, through which drivers can complete paperwork at the gatehouse on arrival without leaving their vehicles, and then be immediately assigned to one of the facility’s 18 cargo doors.

Talks To The Animals

     The new location will also provide further benefits for customers to move temperature-controlled healthcare and life science products, as well as offering a dedicated perishables zone and an enlarged AVI center for live animals.


Long Promised Road Delivered

     Gary Morgan, dnata’s CEO in the UK, noted: “dnata’s relationship with Virgin Atlantic Cargo spans more than 30 years and has, most recently, been enhanced by Virgin’s joint venture with Delta Cargo.
     “As a key partner, we are excited to be supporting the growth of both airlines by not only investing in this brand new facility but by also embracing their commitment to using new technologies to achieve service efficiencies and benefits for their customers. dnata City East gives us the opportunity to design a facility which is tailored to Virgin and Delta’s long-term ambitions within the expanding Heathrow environment.”

Brave Bessie Blazes A Trail

     FlyingTypers continues its groundbreaking series covering the courageous and pioneering women of air cargo and aviation with a look back at pioneering aviatrix Bessie Coleman.

Bessie Coleman     In America, next Monday is Martin Luther King Day, February celebrates Black History Month and March celebrates Women’s History Month, which beggars the question of where to place someone as historically significant as Bessie Coleman.

      One of 13 children, Bessie Coleman was born in 1892 in Atlanta, Texas, to George and Susan Coleman, both African American sharecroppers. The family was poor and could afford very little, and once the children were of age they were expected to contribute to the household income.
      But Bessie had high-flying hopes. She attended Langston University’s predecessor, the Oklahoma Colored Agricultural and Normal University, but couldn’t finish due to a lack of funds. At 23 years old, she moved to Chicago to live with her brothers and work as a manicurist. Her fascination with aviation was sparked in Chicago, where her brothers enticed her with stories of French women flying planes in World War I.
      Of course, when Bessie tried to enroll herself in flight programs stateside, she was turned down. A woman aviator was difficult enough to stomach, but a black woman aviator? One can only imagine the mockery and derision she faced in 1920.
      As a manicurist, Bessie had contacts with many of the black elite of Chicago. She quickly befriended Robert S. Abbot, publisher and owner of the Chicago Defender and one of the first African American millionaires, who encouraged her to go to France to learn to fly. He, along with others, helped fund her exodus, and she quickly learned French in preparation.
      On November 20, 1920, Bessie Coleman left for France from New York City. She enrolled at Ecole d’Aviation des Freres in Le Crotoy, France, the only African American in her class. She learned how to fly in a rickety Nieuport Type 82 biplane and within seven months received her pilot’s license from the Federation Aeronautique Internationale. She briefly returned to New York City in September 1921 and was celebrated in the black press—the Air Service News called her “a full-fledged aviatrix, the first of her race.”
      Bessie realized she wanted to make her living as a pilot, but in order to do so needed additional training as a “barnstormer,” or stunt pilot—commercial aviation was still a decade away from becoming a reality. She returned to Europe, studying acrobatic aviation in France and then the Netherlands, where she studied under pioneering aircraft manufacturer Anthony H.G. Fokker, otherwise known as “The Flying Dutchman.” She moved on to Germany, where she received additional training from one of the chief pilots of the Fokker Corporation.
      Her first air show took place on September 3, 1922, at the famous Curtiss Airfield in Garden City, Long Island. The event was sponsored by her old friend Robert S. Abbot and honored the all-black 369th American Expeditionary Force of World War I. She was billed as “the world’s greatest woman flyer.”
      Over the next five years “Queen Bess,” as she was called, performed aerial stunts across the United States. She always encouraged the African Americans attending her shows to learn how to fly, and refused to perform in venues that denied admission to African Americans. When she was offered a role in the feature-length film Shadow and Sunshine, she accepted in the hopes it would help her fund her dream of an African American aviation school. However, when she learned her very first scene in the film would depict her in bedraggled clothes, she refused the role. Doris Rich, author of Queen Bess: Daredevil Aviator, wrote “she was never an opportunist about race. She had no intention of perpetuating the derogatory image most whites had of most blacks.”

Bessie Coleman Free From Prejudice

"The air is the only place free from prejudices."

Bessie Coleman

      Eventually, Queen Bess made enough money to purchase her own plane: a rather old Curtiss JN-4. It was only a few days after she received the plane that it stalled at 300 feet and nose-dived, crashing into the ground. With broken ribs, a broken leg, and several lacerations, Bessie was relegated to a hospital bed for 3 months.
      Bessie returned to her home state of Texas in June of 1925. She performed on June 19th, the anniversary of the day African Americans in Texas were granted their freedom. After her show the spectators were boarded onto five passenger planes for a complimentary night flight over Houston—the Houston Reporter remarked that it was “the first time [the] colored public of the South ha[d] been given the opportunity to fly.”
      While flying was one of Bessie Coleman’s dreams, her greatest wish was to open an aviation school for African Americans. She told the Houston-Post Dispatch that she wanted to “make Uncle Tom’s Cabin into a hangar by establishing a flying school.” She later opened a beauty shop in Florida to try and raise funds, and gathered enough money to purchase an old Army surplus plane from World War I to continue her stunt flying.
Flossie Arend       On April 30, 1926, Bessie and her mechanic William D. Wills boarded her new plane to rehearse for a May Day air show the following day. The pièce de résistance of her act was to be a daring parachute jump from 2,500 feet. Wills was piloting the plane when it fell into a tailspin and flipped upside down. Bessie was not wearing her seat belt and tragically fell out of the plane to her death. Wills tried but could not regain control of the plane and also lost his life.
      It took almost half a century, but in 1977 the Bessie Coleman Aviators Club was formed by a group of African American pilots from Chicago. Every April 30th they fly over Lincoln Cemetery in Chicago to airdrop flowers on her grave.
      Today, African Americans can take great pride in women like Mae Carol Jemison, the first black woman astronaut, and Atlantic Southeast Airlines, which in 2012 flew with an all-woman African American crew. But we must not forget about the pioneering Queen Bess, whose lofty dreams and unwavering determination paved the way for everyone else who followed. As Lieutenant William J. Powell said, “Because of Bessie Coleman, we have overcome that which was worse than racial barriers. We have overcome the barriers within ourselves and dared to dream.”
Flossie Arend

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If You Missed Any Of The Previous 3 Issues Of FlyingTypers
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Vol. 18 No. 3
Air Cargo 2018 In Pictures Part 2
Vol. 18 No. 4
How U.S. Government Closure Impacts Air Cargo
Chuckles for January 14, 2019
Focus vs Confrontation Challenges Trade
No Horsing Around
Who Plays The Fool Post Brexit

Vol. 18 No. 5
Mayhem On The Brexit Menu
Chuckles for January 16, 2019
Fruit Up For February
Letters To The Editor

Publisher-Geoffrey Arend • Managing Editor-Flossie Arend • Editor Emeritus-Richard Malkin
Film Editor-Ralph Arend • Special Assignments-Sabiha Arend, Emily Arend

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