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Family Aid 2020
   Vol. 20 No. 8
Tuesday March 2, 2021
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     After the air cargo security measures were put into place after 9/11, most of the security measures for 100% screening were placed on the flights carrying passengers and cargo. Almost 20 years later, measures are moving forward under new TSA regulations that will require 100% screening on international freighter flights departing the United States.

All Cargo Plus One

     The U.S. security measures on freighters have been more concerned about keeping people off the main deck that might be able to overtake the cockpit crew.

Charlie Shipped Himself Air Cargo

Charles McKinney E-tu CharlieCharlie the stowaway flew aboard a Kitty Hawk freighter in 2003 and got the ball rolling. Now in 2021 TSA is laying down the law for implementation of 100% screening June 30th.

     All of this was driven by an incident when in 2003 Charles McKinney of the Bronx decided he wanted to go see his father in Dallas. Charles shipped himself rather than to buy a ticket. Charles shipped himself in a crate said to contain monitors and other computer equipment with Pilot Air Freight which used Kitty Hawk Airlines. On delivery McKinney knocked out one of the panels and startled the driver that was delivering the crate. This led TSA officials at the time to be concerned that he could have overtaken the cockpit if he had broken out during the flight.
     Although security measures were increased on freighter flights in the U.S. to ensure that the “Charles in the Box” incident would not occur again, there were still no measures put in place to screen cargo on freighter aircraft at the same level as was required of passenger aircraft.

Changes on June 30

     In June of this year new rules will change the way freighters with international cargo out of the United States will be screened. The U.S. as a member of the International Civil Aviation Organization has put in new security requirements that will require 100% screening of cargo on freighters beginning on June 30, 2021. The U.S. is part of a group of nations that are working towards the mandate, while other countries, especially in Europe, have required the mandate for several years.

Seriously to Deliriously

     Many of the big freighter operators like Atlas, FedEx and UPS are working towards meeting the new requirement. Other freighter operators seem not to be taking the new requirements quite as seriously, especially some large Asian carriers and those that provide ad hoc charter operations. Others are scrambling to meet the requirements while working with their ground handling companies now, even though the requirement first came out almost five years ago. Some carriers are asking TSA for delays in implementation, while others are very well prepared.

Industry Could Use An Extension?

     Some carriers feel that due to the impact of the COVID-19 virus and resulting financial hardships, there should be a delay in implementation. The TSA and other carriers who are prepared are saying that these carriers should have been preparing for this as the requirement had been announced pre-pandemic, almost five years ago.

Amazon Gets An Exception

     The forwarding community which uses a lot of passenger lift in normal years have been screening either through their own equipment as a certified cargo screening facility, or through other TSA approved screening facilities or by the air carrier themselves. Many feel that other shippers, whether through an integrator or all cargo freighter operator should also need to meet the new requirement.
     A segment that has been causing a lot of heartburn is third party distribution platforms, which rely on the use of large amount of air cargo lift. Amazon Prime, who is now an associate member of the Cargo Airline Association has been expanding their Washington, D.C. office with several key people from the TSA, Customs and Border Protection and the Department of Homeland Security. They have also brought in security and operations personnel from airlines and integrators into the Amazon fold. All of this is an effort to build a case as to why they should be treated differently.
     In October 2020, former President of American Airlines Cargo, Kenji Hashimoto, joined Amazon as their VP of North America for their sort centers and planning. During his first week TSA Administrator David Pekoske visited the huge Amazon facility near DFW. This was not the only reason the Administrator was in the DFW area, but there was discussion about how Amazon is different in the security process.
     A new security rule is now being developed for how Amazon handles cargo. The requirements though have been under discussion for several months and many in the forwarding and airline community are concerned as to how these rules will take shape. There is again a push that maybe there should be a delay in the implementation. It seems the e-commerce rules should not apply.

And Then There Is The USPS

Post office unclaimed mail     Another area of interest has been the U.S. Postal Service meeting the requirements. As air mail has grown dramatically in the e-commerce world, the USPS has become more of a forwarder/integrator model in the way they are competing in the express world. The USPS recently issued a controversial contract on screening of first-class mail. As a government agency, the USPS has close relationships with TSA; there are some who are concerned as to how the USPS will be able to screen all the outbound international mail.
     Freighter flights are quite unique in the types of cargo they carry versus their passenger/cargo counterparts. Freighters ship large oversized cargo, special types of cargo and many more dangerous goods than the passenger flights. Many of these types of cargo will not fit in the current x-ray equipment being used. The solution that most are now moving towards are the use of canines.

Here Come The Sniffer Dogs

Security Dogs     Canines have come to the rescue and many companies believe this is the optimum solution for freighters. Canines were first used in tests for cargo in 2001 in a joint effort with the FAA, the U.S. Postal Inspection Services and United Airlines. Canines proved to be the most functional and outdid the conventional methods used for screening at that time. This is still the case today.
     Working closely with the TSA canine teams, rules were put into place allowing third party K9 teams to screen air cargo. Most have now been deeply involved for almost two years. The K9 companies knew that there would be a big demand.
     Today there are less than 10 major companies that have rolled out K9 teams. The issue now is, the clock is ticking; it takes time for the TSA to accredit and approve a private, third-party trained K9 team. However by using these companies, the time saved to screen will be invaluable to comply with the upcoming requirements.
     It seems that since the requirement was introduced 20 years ago, screening of freighters cannot be delayed any longer. It is a shame that it has taken this long to realize that freighters can be just as vulnerable as passenger aircraft. Air cargo, as we all know, has shown its value during this pandemic. The world is still a dangerous place and the air cargo industry has to keep up its guard in order to avoid being used again as a weapon or to instil fear in those that fly.

chuckles for March 2, 2021

Regulating U.S. Skies

     Pete Buttigieg, former Mayor of South Bend, Indiana decided a couple years ago that he wanted to be President, but settled to being named U.S. Secretary of Transportation February 3 in the Biden era.
     Mayor Pete oversees roughly 55,000 employees and an $84 billion budget across nearly a dozen agencies including the Federal Aviation Administration, Federal Highway Administration, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and the Federal Railroad Administration.
     As Mayor of South Bend, Buttigieg oversaw more than 1,000 employees and a budget of around $380 million.
     Now Mayor Pete has a letter from Massachusetts Senator Markey and Connecticut Senator Blumenthal, both Democrats, outlining some forever legislation they hoped to enact in one form or another under the working title ‘Ensuring Health Safety in the Skies Act’ — that would require the Department of Transportation (DOT), Health and Human Services (HHS), and Homeland Security (DHS) to establish a joint task force to recommend rules of air travel during and after the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Reality Check Is In The Mail

     “Senate Bill S.82 does have good points that bring many parties from government agencies and many players of the industry together.
     “Any bill that works collaboratively is good,” said Michael White, CEO-Trade Network Consultants, LLC.
     Mike White is an absolute ace when it comes to things government.
     Mike, who retired in December as President of IATA Cargo Network Services (CNS), admits that he has been plugged into Washington and it’s workings “for half my adult life.”
     He also declared that he is, “still engaged” and keeping quite busy post CNS.
     “The concern is, the regulators walk a tight line between what is good in enduring safety and one that could create regulations that could compromise civil aviation.”

Markey Malarkey

     “While a Congressman, Senator Markey’s lack of listening to industry experts in the air cargo industry is a concern. He, nor his staff, listened to those that were being regulated.
     “It has to be a cooperative process and I hope that Secretary Buttigieg will bring the principals of “working together” as he leads the task force, if the bill passes.
     “I would like to hear more about what part the EPA plays on the task force as well.”

Getting Priorities Straight

     “A similar House bill (HR.8212) was introduced last year also that would have required a national aviation preparedness plan by the DOT, which is kind of putting the horse behind the cart.
     “We can only hope that the new administration takes all views into consideration before making recommendations to Congress,” Mike White said.

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Bringing The Rainbow to FIATA

Where Nights are Brighter than Day

Malaysian first Vaccine Arriving

   Although this publicity gag has become almost routine, the larger reality is pondering just how long it will take to get reliable COVID-19 vaccines to the world.
   When MH319, an Airbus 330-300 arrived at KL on Saturday February 27 at 09:30 carrying the Chinese branded Sinovac in an Envirotainer, the shipment was heralded as a big event and was met by a small army of dignitaries and health workers on the KL ramp.
   During the past weeks Malaysia has received other “first flights” of vaccines.
   But measured against a total need for a population of 33 million, we can only hope this “first batch” arriving by air speed into Malaysia will ramp up into massive and continued deliveries.


John and Gloria Ryan and grandson Cole     I received a letter with the above photograph enclosed, from John Ryan, the old cargo pro.
     John is an air cargo builder. From 1987 until 2004, he and Angelo Pusateri put Virgin Atlantic Cargo on the map in the Americas.
     Today, John with wife Gloria lives near Port Washington on Long Island, (the couple are pictured at home with grandson Cole) and still keeps his hand in, operating as a GSA for special projects.
     “I guess I am retired, but the reality is that air cargo bites and never lets go.
     “My long association with Hawaiian Air was shut down as the flights were discontinued because of the pandemic, but as always something else pops up.
     “There is cargo to be moved and the need is for smarts and inventiveness in getting the goods delivered and that is still a sweet spot for me.”

At JFK Air Cargo

Alan Chambers, Angelo Pusateri, Richard Branson and John Ryan     John also serves on the Board of the JFK Air Cargo Air Cargo Association, as he shows strength and passion for a business (logistics-shipping) that he has been part of since 1970, when he started at Bloomingdale’s Department Store directing movements of 40 ft containers by rail.
     Later John moved over to International Sea Freight where he was based in the World Trade Center in Manhattan.
     What we have learned from contact with low friends in high places, like John and Kari Tikkanen (Finnair Cargo, semi-retired, goes way beyond the immediate, by offering a sharply focused glimpse of the future, based on the past.
     The other thing unfolding here is just great, if for no other reason than, having something else to think about, as we trudge daily through this COVID-19 world.

A Trip To Port Washington

     It is amazing what vacancies there are in knowledge, especially when inwardly you might suppose that maybe you know quite a lot on a subject.
     I have written extensively on Port Washington, flying boats, and even done books on the subject
     Have sat in Louie’s, a favorite watering hole located at Port Washington, Long Island-New York. It is a spot that overlooks the place where international aviation first came to New York City via Pan American flying boats before they moved to LaGuardia Airport in 1940.
     At Louie's recall mapping out a scheme over a couple pints with some Irish people (who walked into my LaGuardia office looking for help) at Louie’s when the place was a genuine saloon.
     Today that scheme is now The Irish National Air Museum located in Foynes, Ireland on the Shannon estuary.
     But looking at this amazing picture, I never knew that the Blohm & Voss HA-139, a four-engine, all-metal inverted gull-wing floatplane named Nordmeer called at Port Washington in 1938.
     The Voss, to increase range, travelled with a picket ship usually placed half-way through a journey.
     In this case, that would have been in the Atlantic Ocean, midway from Germany to New York City.
     So the HA 139 took off after being delivered waterside somewhere on a beaching gear, and then landed at sea near the picket ship in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, where it was scooped up, hoisted aboard for fuel and supplies and then catapulted into the wind back into the air to continue the journey.
     I must admit that the mahogany looking chase-launch in the picture above holds a very special interest; it is so sleek and breathtakingly beautiful.

Lufthansa Focke Wulf Condor at Floyd Bennett Field

One More Thing

     All of this brings to mind that in August 1938, Lufthansa flew a 24-passenger, Focke-Wulf FW 200 Condor landplane non-stop from Berlin to New York, landing at Floyd Bennett Field in Brooklyn and then returned non-stop as a proving flight for the development of passenger-carrying services.
     The movement scared the hell out of Pan Am, which at the time was operating big, lumbering flying boats.
     In 1940, both Finnair and Lufthansa planned scheduled passenger and cargo flights into New York from Helsinki and Berlin, utilizing the FW 200, but of course the war changed all of that.

Moving Forward

     When the lamp is lit again, John and I are meeting up at Louie’s.
     Meanwhile we dream of the time when the JFK Club meets again, so we can go back to the future with that fine group of dear hearts and gentle people.

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Basil Mark Pietersen

     Last week FlyingTypers offered a profile of the life and times of Basil Pietersen, the third African born President of the global freight forwarders’ organization FIATA, which is the reference body for all airfreight forwarders in the world.
     We learned on the day after publication that Basil’s son, Basil Mark Pietersen died.
     We offer our deepest sympathies to the Pietersen family.
     Our prayers are with you during this unimaginably tragic and terrible time.
     “I am glad to join Sabiha and Geoffrey to express my deepest sympathy to Bebe and Basil, my good friends in FIATA even beyond my seven years working for the organization in Zurich,” said Marco Sorgetti.

If You Missed Any Of The Previous 3 Issues Of FlyingTypers
Access complete issue by clicking on issue icon or
Access specific articles by clicking on article title
Vol. 20 No. 5
Can Cargo Talks Walk The Walk?
Chuckles for February 8, 2021
Rates Clobber India Pharma Exports
Live a Little

Vol. 20 No. 6
Boubby & Life With a Grin
Chuckles for February 16, 2021
Did Turkish Cargo Webinar Work?
Kölner Karneval Going On

Vol. 20 No. 7
Basil Brings the Rainbow to FIATA
Chuckles for February 23, 2021
Where Nights Are Brighter Than Day
The Wings Of Man

Publisher-Geoffrey Arend • Managing Editor-Flossie Arend • Editor Emeritus-Richard Malkin
Film Editor-Ralph Arend • Special Assignments-Sabiha Arend, Emily Arend

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